TOBACCO


TOBACCO
Tobacco is an important cash crop which is cultivated in the sub-tropical and temperate regions. The height of its plant is two to five heats, Tobacco is an intoxicant and the nicotine found in it is harmful for health. Tobacco is used both in cigarettes and Hookah.

History

America is the real home of tobacco. While discovering the new world, when Columbus arrived in the West Indies, he saw the local people using tobacco. After some time, tobacco cultivation also began In Europe and Spain became the center of tobacco cultivation is Europe. In England, its cultivation began in 1585. The Dutch introduced it in Indonesia while during the reign of Akbar; the Portuguese introduced it to the Indians. In this way, in the seventeenth century, the tobacco cultivation lad reached every nook and corner of the world. Now it is cultivated and used in all the continents of the world except Antarctica. 
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Tobacco production and Area Tobacco Cultivation in Pakistan
Tobacco is cultivated in all the four province of the country but the Frontier Province ranks first in tis cultivation and production. 65 per cent of the country’s area under tobacco cultivation is in this province which produces 78 per cent total tobacco in the country. 31 per cent of the country’s area under tobacco is in Punjab which produces 19 per cent of the total tobacco in the country. The remaining tobacco is cultivated in the production of Sindh and Baluchistan.

Important Areas under Tobacco Cultivation in the Four Provinces

NWFP
Peshawar, Mardan, Mansehra, Swabi, Charsadda and Malakand.

Punjab
Faisalabad, Toba Teksingh, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Okara, Vehari, Multan and Jhang

Sindh and Baluchistan
In Sindh, tobacco is cultivated in Sukkar, Dadu, Khairpur and Shikarpur. In Baluchistan, it is cultivated in the districts of Kallat, Mastung and Pashin.

Tobacco Trade
NWFP and Punjab are the leading producers of tobacco in Pakistan, but as a whole, the country does not have any prominent place among the tobacco producing countries of the world. The reason is that the indigenous type of tobacco only meets the country’s domestic requirements. The surplus output is also sold in the local markets.

Production of Tobacco and Area under its Cultivation
According to the Statistics of 2005-06

Province
Production in thousand metric tons
Area in thousand
hectares
NWFP
87870
26457
Punjab
21609
17700
Baluchistan
2973
2083
Sindh
140
120

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