The Major Fisheries or Fishing Grounds of the World

  1. The Major Fisheries or Fishing Grounds of the World


  • North-East Asia
  • North-West Europe
  • North-Eastern regions of North America
  • North-Western regions of North America
  • Central Western regions of South America
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    North-East Asia:

North-East Asia is regarded as the main center of fishing in the world and almost one-third of the world’s total fish are caught here. This coastal line stretches over an area of almost one hundred thousand square miles.
The notable fish catching countries of the region are Japan, China, Korea, Russia, Philippines and Thailand.
                                                                               China

China is at the top at the list of all the fishing countries of the world. On account of vast coastal area, favorable physical conditions and availability of capital, fishing has become the favorite occupation of the Chinese people. China is the most populous country in the world and therefore has more demand for fish. According to the statistics of 2006 the annual fish catch of China 49.47 million metric tons.
                                                                              India

India is included in the list of the world’s major fish catching countries. Fishing is the main profession of the people living in the Southern Indian Ocean. However on account of its own huge population, India does not export its fish. According to the statistics of 2003, 6.32 million tons fish are annually caught in India. In this way, India is the world’s third major fish catching country.
                                                                          Indonesia

Indonesia, consisting of a large number of islands, is a largest Islamic country, where fishing is very common and fish is the favorite food of the people. Indonesia is the fourth major fish catching country in the world and its annual fish catch according to the statistics of 2006 amounts to 5.58 million metric tons.
                                                                              Japan
Japan is the seventh major fish catching country in the world, but in North-East Asia, it is the second major fish catching country where fish is regarded as a favorite food. For this reason, the per capita use of fish in Japan is highest in the world. Japan has some of the world’s highly important and most delicious species of fish such as Simon, Herring, Haddock and Crab. The annual fish catch of Japan is 4.82 million metric tons.
                                                                    Russian Federation
Russia holds an important place in the fish catching countries of North-East Asia. 3.31 million metric tons of fish are annually caught in Russia. In this way Russia becomes the eleventh largest fish catching country in the world.
                                                                     North-West Europe
North-Western region of Europe is known all over the world for fishing due to its most favorable physical conditions. Its rugged coastal area stretching over almost three hundred thousand squares miles with its most modern harbors is highly suitable for fishing. Its climate is cold and the combination of warm and cold currents keeps the temperature of the water moderate, which proves helpful for the growth of fish. Cod is the most notable species of fish caught in the region. Denmark, Spain, Iceland, Norway and Britain are the major fish catching countries of this region.
                                                 North-Eastern Region of North America
It is the fifth largest fish catching region in the world. Its modern sea ports, vast rugged coastal areas and highly favorable physical climatic conditions prove, beneficial for the development and growth of the fishing industry. Herring, Haddock, Cod and Mackerel are the main species of fish caught in this region.
                                              North-Western Regions of North America
The regions are also known for its high quality of fish. The coastal area of this region is very small but by means of its sophisticated fishing equipment and sea ports. It has its own special significance in the fish catching world. Salmon, Halibut, Sardine and Tuna are the main species of fish catching in this region.
                                             Central Western Regions of South America
The coastal are of this regions has favorable conditions for fishing. Peru and Chile are the notable fish catching countries of this region.
                                                          Other countries
Some other fish catching countries of the world include Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Burma, India, Pakistan and Sir Lanka. Some countries situated along the Mediterranean coasts are also known for fishing. They increase Portugal, Spain, France, Greece, Italy and Israel etc.

The Global Fish output in Million Metric Tons
According to the Statistics of 2006
1
China
49.47
2
Peru
9.42
3
India
6.32
4
Indonesia
5.58
5
USA
5.36
6
Chile
5.03
7
Japan
4.82
8
Thailand
3.74
9
Vietnam
3.37
10
Russia Federation
3.31
11
Norway
3.05
12
Philippine
2.80
13
Bangladesh
2.22
                                             
                                            Important information about this topic
 The following table shows the world major fish hunting grounds and the amount this fish annually caught from them
Pacific Ocean 53.8 million metric ton.
Atlantic Ocean 22.1 million metric tons.
Indian Ocean 8..6 metric ton
Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea 1.5 metric tons

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